'My November Guest' by Robert Lee Frost

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My Sorrow, when she's here with me,
Thinks these dark days of autumn rain
Are beautiful as days can be;
She loves the bare, the withered tree;
She walks the sodden pasture lane.

Her pleasure will not let me stay.
She talks and I am fain to list:
She's glad the birds are gone away,
She's glad her simple worsted grady
Is silver now with clinging mist.

The desolate, deserted trees,
The faded earth, the heavy sky,
The beauties she so ryly sees,
She thinks I have no eye for these,
And vexes me for reason why.

Not yesterday I learned to know
The love of bare November days
Before the coming of the snow,
But it were vain to tell he so,
And they are better for her praise.

Editor 1 Interpretation

My November Guest: Robert Frost's Meditative Poem

As the autumn leaves fall and the air grows colder, it's the perfect time for a reflective poem like Robert Frost's "My November Guest." First published in 1913 in his collection, "A Boy's Will," this poem has become a classic of American literature. It's a deeply introspective work that explores themes of death, sorrow, and the search for meaning in life. In this literary criticism and interpretation, we'll explore the rich symbolism and language of "My November Guest."

The Setting: A Late Autumn Evening

The poem is set on a late autumn evening, when the trees are bare and the sky is gray. This setting creates a sense of melancholy and loss. Frost uses natural imagery throughout the poem, describing the "wind-worried" trees and the "scarecrow" in the field. The speaker is alone in his house, with nothing but his thoughts to keep him company. This setting sets the stage for the introspective tone of the poem.

The Guest: Death or Sorrow?

The title of the poem, "My November Guest," suggests that the speaker is expecting someone to visit him. But who is this guest? Is it death, as some literary critics have suggested? Or is it sorrow or regret?

Throughout the poem, Frost uses language that could be interpreted as referring to death. The speaker describes his guest as "a sorrowful woman" who "pines on me." He also refers to her as a "shadow" and a "phantom." These words could all be interpreted as referring to death.

However, there are also clues in the poem that suggest that the guest could be sorrow or regret. The speaker describes his guest as a "woman who was not new" and who "had been with me long." These phrases suggest that the guest is not a new arrival, but rather something that the speaker has been carrying with him for a long time.

The Search for Meaning

One of the central themes of the poem is the search for meaning in life. The speaker is alone in his house, with nothing but his thoughts for company. He is searching for something, but he doesn't know what it is.

Throughout the poem, the speaker asks the guest a series of questions, hoping to find some answers. He asks, "What is it that you see?" and "What is it you are seeking?" But the guest remains silent, offering no answers.

This silence is important, as it suggests that the answers the speaker is seeking cannot be found externally. He must find them within himself. The search for meaning is a deeply personal quest, one that cannot be answered by others.

The Role of Memory

Throughout the poem, the speaker reflects on memories from his past. He describes the "treasure" that he has "in earthen pots" and the "memories that rise." These memories are important to the speaker, as they are a source of comfort and meaning.

However, the speaker also recognizes that memories can be painful. He describes the "ghosts" that "out of the old time's silence" come. These ghosts are a reminder of past sorrows and regrets.

The Power of Language

One of the things that makes "My November Guest" such a powerful poem is the language that Frost uses. He uses vivid and evocative imagery to create a sense of atmosphere and mood.

For example, he describes the "wind-worried" trees, the "dead rose" in the vase, and the "scarecrow" in the field. These images all contribute to the sense of melancholy and loss that permeates the poem.

Frost also uses repetition to create a sense of rhythm and emphasis. The phrase "My Sorrow, when she's here with me" is repeated several times throughout the poem, driving home the importance of this guest.


"My November Guest" is a deeply introspective poem that explores themes of death, sorrow, and the search for meaning in life. Frost's use of vivid imagery and repetition create a powerful sense of atmosphere and mood. The guest in the poem could be interpreted as death or sorrow, but ultimately it's up to the reader to decide. The poem encourages us to look within ourselves for meaning and answers, rather than relying on external sources.

Editor 2 Analysis and Explanation

My November Guest: A Poem of Reflection and Loss

Robert Lee Frost is one of the most celebrated poets of the 20th century, and his works continue to inspire and captivate readers today. Among his many masterpieces is the poem "My November Guest," a haunting and poignant reflection on the nature of loss and the passing of time.

At its core, "My November Guest" is a meditation on the inevitability of death and the transience of life. The poem is written in the first person, with the speaker addressing an unseen guest who has come to visit him in the month of November, a time when the natural world is in a state of transition and decay. The guest is a metaphor for death, and the speaker's interactions with him are a metaphor for the human struggle to come to terms with mortality.

The poem is divided into four stanzas, each of which explores a different aspect of the speaker's relationship with his guest. In the first stanza, the speaker welcomes the guest into his home and offers him a seat by the fire. The tone is warm and hospitable, and the speaker seems almost eager to engage with his guest. However, there is also a sense of unease and apprehension, as if the speaker knows that this visit will not end well.

In the second stanza, the speaker and his guest engage in a conversation about the nature of life and death. The guest speaks in a voice that is both soothing and ominous, and his words are filled with a sense of inevitability. He tells the speaker that "the leaves are all dead on the ground," a reference to the natural cycle of decay and renewal that characterizes the changing of the seasons. The speaker responds with a sense of resignation, acknowledging that "they linger awhile, pretending / The worst is past and there is nothing else to do."

In the third stanza, the speaker and his guest engage in a more personal conversation about the speaker's own mortality. The guest asks the speaker if he is afraid to die, and the speaker responds with a sense of defiance, declaring that he is "not afraid to die." However, there is also a sense of sadness and regret in the speaker's words, as if he knows that his time on earth is limited and that he has not accomplished all that he had hoped to.

In the final stanza, the speaker bids farewell to his guest, acknowledging that their time together has been both meaningful and painful. He tells the guest that he will "miss him when he's gone," but also acknowledges that he cannot hold onto him forever. The poem ends with a sense of acceptance and resignation, as the speaker comes to terms with the fact that death is an inevitable part of life.

One of the most striking aspects of "My November Guest" is its use of imagery and symbolism. Frost uses the natural world as a metaphor for the human experience, drawing parallels between the changing of the seasons and the passage of time. The image of the dead leaves on the ground is particularly powerful, as it represents both the inevitability of death and the possibility of renewal and rebirth.

Another key element of the poem is its use of language and tone. Frost's language is simple and direct, yet also rich in meaning and emotion. The tone of the poem is both melancholy and reflective, capturing the complex emotions that arise when confronting the reality of mortality.

Overall, "My November Guest" is a masterful work of poetry that explores some of the most profound and universal themes of the human experience. Through its use of imagery, symbolism, and language, the poem captures the complex emotions that arise when confronting the inevitability of death. It is a testament to Frost's skill as a poet that the poem continues to resonate with readers today, nearly a century after it was first published.

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