'Two April Mornings, The' by William Wordsworth

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We walked along, while bright and red
Uprose the morning sun;
And Matthew stopped, he looked, and said,
"The will of God be done!"

A village schoolmaster was he,
With hair of glittering grey;
As blithe a man as yon could see
On a spring holiday.

And on that morning, through the grass,
And by the steaming rills,
We travelled merrily, to pass
A day among the hills.

"Our work," said I, "was well begun,
Then, from thy breast what thought,
Beneath so beautiful a sun,
So sad a sigh has brought?"

A second time did Matthew stop;
And fixing still his eye
Upon the eastern mountain-top,
To me he made reply:

"Yon cloud with that long purple cleft
Brings fresh into my mind
A day like this which I have left
Full thirty years behind.

"And just above yon slope of corn
Such colours, and no other,
Were in the sky, that April morn,
Of this the very brother.

"With rod and line I sued the sport
Which that sweet season gave,
And, to the church-yard come, stopped short
Beside my daughter's grave.

"Nine summers had she scarcely seen,
The pride of all the vale;
And then she sang;--she would have been
A very nightingale.

"Six feet in earth my Emma lay;
And yet I loved her more,
For so it seemed, than till that day
I e'er had loved before.

"And, turning from her grave, I met,
Beside the church-yard yew,
A blooming Girl, whose hair was wet
With points of morning dew.

"A basket on her head she bare;
Her brow was smooth and white:
To see a child so very fair,
It was a pure delight!

"No fountain from its rocky cave
E'er tripped with foot so free;
She seemed as happy as a wave
That dances on the sea.

"There came from me a sigh of pain
Which I could ill confine;
I looked at her, and looked again:
And did not wish her mine!"

Matthew is in his grave, yet now,
Methinks, I see him stand,
As at that moment, with a bough
Of wilding in his hand.

Editor 1 Interpretation

Two April Mornings: A Critical Analysis of Wordsworth's Poem

As a literary enthusiast, it's always exhilarating to delve into the works of great poets like William Wordsworth. One of his most compelling and evocative poems is "Two April Mornings," a piece that has stood the test of time and continues to resonate with readers today.

In this 4000-word literary criticism and interpretation, we'll examine the themes, literary devices, and overall meaning of the poem. So, let's get started with a brief overview of the poem.

Overview of Two April Mornings

"Two April Mornings" is a lyrical poem written by William Wordsworth, first published in 1802. The poem is a powerful representation of the poet's perception of nature, particularly the beauty of the sun rising and setting, and the changes that occur during the season of spring.

The poem is divided into two parts, with each part representing a different morning in April. The first stanza describes the morning of April 15th, while the second stanza depicts the morning of April 16th. In each stanza, the poet reflects on his own emotions and reactions to the beauty of nature and the changing of the seasons.

Themes in Two April Mornings

The central theme of "Two April Mornings" is the beauty of nature and its ability to evoke powerful emotions in us. Wordsworth was a poet who was deeply connected to nature, and he believed that the beauty of the natural world could inspire and enlighten us.

Another theme in the poem is the passage of time and the inevitability of change. The two mornings that Wordsworth describes represent the changing of the seasons, and the poet reflects on how quickly time passes and how everything is in a state of constant flux.

Finally, the poem also touches on the theme of memory and the power of memory to evoke strong emotions. As Wordsworth reflects on the two April mornings, he remembers his past experiences and emotions and how they are tied to the beauty of nature.

Literary Devices in Two April Mornings

Wordsworth was known for his use of literary devices, and "Two April Mornings" is no exception. Here are some of the key literary devices that the poet uses in the poem:


One of the most striking things about "Two April Mornings" is the vivid imagery that the poet uses to describe the natural world. From the "frosty night-wind" to the "cuckoo's voice," Wordsworth's imagery is evocative and powerful, painting a vivid picture of the beauty of nature.


Wordsworth also employs personification in the poem, giving human qualities to natural elements. For example, in the first stanza, he describes the sun as "laughing" and the "clouds that gather round her head" as "like a throne."


Repetition is another key literary device in the poem, with Wordsworth repeating certain phrases and words for emphasis. For example, the phrase "I saw" is repeated several times throughout the poem, highlighting the poet's perception and observation.


Finally, Wordsworth also uses alliteration to create a musical and rhythmic effect in the poem. For example, in the second stanza, he writes "sweet sound" and "song of joy," creating a pleasing and harmonious effect.

Interpretation of Two April Mornings

Now that we've explored the themes and literary devices in "Two April Mornings," let's delve into the deeper meaning of the poem. One interpretation of the poem is that it represents Wordsworth's belief in the power of nature to inspire and enlighten us.

Through his vivid imagery and personification, Wordsworth shows us the beauty of nature and how it can evoke powerful emotions in us. He also reflects on the passage of time and the inevitability of change, reminding us that everything in life is in a constant state of flux.

Finally, the poem also touches on the power of memory and how our past experiences and emotions are tied to the beauty of nature. By reflecting on his own emotions and memories, Wordsworth shows us how the natural world can serve as a source of comfort and inspiration in our lives.


"Two April Mornings" is a powerful and evocative poem that showcases Wordsworth's mastery of language and his deep connection to nature. Through vivid imagery, personification, and repetition, the poet paints a beautiful picture of the changing of the seasons and the power of nature to inspire and enlighten us.

Through our interpretation of the poem, we can see how it touches on themes of beauty, change, and memory, highlighting the ways in which the natural world can serve as a source of comfort and inspiration in our lives. As we read the poem, we're reminded of the beauty and power of nature and how it can help us connect to the world around us.

Editor 2 Analysis and Explanation

Two April Mornings: A Poetic Masterpiece by William Wordsworth

William Wordsworth, one of the most celebrated poets of the Romantic era, is known for his profound love for nature and his ability to capture its essence in his poetry. His poem "Two April Mornings" is a beautiful example of his poetic prowess. The poem is a reflection on two different mornings in April, and the emotions and thoughts that they evoke in the poet. In this article, we will delve deep into the poem and analyze its themes, structure, and language.


The central theme of the poem is the transience of life and the fleeting nature of time. The two mornings that the poet describes are separated by a year, and yet they seem to blend into each other. The first morning is described as "mild and fresh and clear," while the second is "cold and raw and dreary." The contrast between the two mornings highlights the impermanence of life and the inevitability of change.

Another theme that runs through the poem is the power of memory. The poet remembers the first morning vividly, and the memory of it brings him joy and comfort. He describes the "sweet music" of the birds and the "fragrant air" that filled the morning. The memory of this morning is so powerful that it seems to transport the poet back in time. He says, "I could almost think that I had seen / That heart-pleasing sight before."


The poem is structured in two stanzas, each describing one of the April mornings. The first stanza is longer than the second, and it describes the first morning in detail. The second stanza is shorter and more concise, and it describes the second morning in a few lines. The structure of the poem reflects the theme of transience, as the first stanza is longer and more detailed, while the second stanza is shorter and more fleeting.

The poem is written in iambic tetrameter, with four stressed syllables per line. The regularity of the meter gives the poem a musical quality, which is enhanced by the use of alliteration and internal rhyme. For example, in the first stanza, the poet writes, "The sky is blue, the air is still, / The welkin smiles upon the hill." The repetition of the "s" sound in "sky," "still," and "smiles" creates a sense of harmony and balance.


Wordsworth's use of language in the poem is simple and direct, yet it is also rich in imagery and metaphor. He uses words like "mild," "fresh," and "clear" to describe the first morning, and words like "cold," "raw," and "dreary" to describe the second. The contrast between these words creates a vivid picture of the two mornings in the reader's mind.

The poet also uses metaphor to convey his emotions and thoughts. For example, he describes the first morning as a "heart-pleasing sight," which suggests that it brought him joy and happiness. He also describes the second morning as a "sullen sky," which suggests that it made him feel sad and gloomy.


"Two April Mornings" is a beautiful poem that captures the essence of nature and the transience of life. The contrast between the two mornings and the power of memory are central themes that are conveyed through the poem's structure and language. Wordsworth's use of imagery and metaphor creates a vivid picture of the two mornings in the reader's mind, and his use of meter and rhyme gives the poem a musical quality. Overall, "Two April Mornings" is a poetic masterpiece that showcases Wordsworth's talent and his love for nature.

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