'Insomniac' by Sylvia Plath
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The Collected Poems1961The night is only a sort of carbon paper,
Blueblack, with the much-poked periods of stars
Letting in the light, peephole after peephole --
A bonewhite light, like death, behind all things.
Under the eyes of the stars and the moon's rictus
He suffers his desert pillow, sleeplessness
Stretching its fine, irritating sand in all directions.Over and over the old, granular movie
Exposes embarrassments--the mizzling days
Of childhood and adolescence, sticky with dreams,
Parental faces on tall stalks, alternately stern and tearful,
A garden of buggy rose that made him cry.
His forehead is bumpy as a sack of rocks.
Memories jostle each other for face-room like obsolete film stars.He is immune to pills: red, purple, blue --
How they lit the tedium of the protracted evening!
Those sugary planets whose influence won for him
A life baptized in no-life for a while,
And the sweet, drugged waking of a forgetful baby.
Now the pills are worn-out and silly, like classical gods.
Their poppy-sleepy colors do him no good.His head is a little interior of grey mirrors.
Each gesture flees immediately down an alley
Of diminishing perspectives, and its significance
Drains like water out the hole at the far end.
He lives without privacy in a lidless room,
The bald slots of his eyes stiffened wide-open
On the incessant heat-lightning flicker of situations.Nightlong, in the granite yard, invisible cats
Have been howling like women, or damaged instruments.
Already he can feel daylight, his white disease,
Creeping up with her hatful of trivial repetitions.
The city is a map of cheerful twitters now,
And everywhere people, eyes mica-silver and blank,
Are riding to work in rows, as if recently brainwashed.
Editor 1 Interpretation
Insomniac by Sylvia Plath
Wow, just wow. Sylvia Plath's "Insomniac" is a haunting and intense poem that delves deep into the psyche of a person who cannot sleep. In just 19 lines, Plath captures the desperation and despair of someone who feels trapped in their own mind. From the very first line, "The night is only a sort of carbon paper," the imagery is bleak and oppressive.
The poem is divided into three stanzas, each of which explores a different aspect of the speaker's insomnia. In the first stanza, the speaker describes the night as a "carbon paper" that is "blueblack, with the much-poked periods of stars." This image is both beautiful and suffocating. The stars, usually a symbol of hope and wonder, are reduced to mere "periods" on a sheet of paper. The speaker is trapped in this darkness, unable to escape.
The second stanza is where the real heart of the poem lies. The speaker confesses, "I cannot see where there is to get to." This line is so simple, yet so powerful. It perfectly captures the feeling of hopelessness that comes with insomnia. The speaker is stuck in a cycle of wakefulness, unable to see any way out. The line "But everywhere was such a long way off" is heartbreaking in its resignation. The distance between the speaker and any form of rest seems insurmountable.
In the final stanza, the speaker describes a "tin of sardines" that is "shrugged into the moonlight." This is an odd, almost surreal image, but it works. The speaker is so desperate for any sort of distraction that even a tin of sardines in the moonlight is enough to capture their attention. The final line, "This is a small song / for the late night," is both sad and hopeful. The speaker has found a way to express their pain and maybe, just maybe, find some relief.
One of the most striking things about "Insomniac" is the way Plath uses language to create a sense of claustrophobia. The repetition of words like "night," "dark," and "nowhere" creates a sense of being trapped. The lack of punctuation in some places also adds to the feeling of being lost and disoriented. The lines "The sky is white as clay, with no sun" and "The moon is no door" are particularly effective in this regard.
Another interesting aspect of the poem is the way Plath uses imagery to create a sense of unease. In addition to the "carbon paper" and "tin of sardines" already mentioned, there are other unsettling images throughout the poem. The line "I am incapable of more knowledge" is a particularly chilling one. It suggests that the speaker is trapped not just in their insomnia, but in their own mind.
Overall, "Insomniac" is a powerful and deeply affecting poem. Plath's use of language, imagery, and repetition create a sense of hopelessness and despair that is all too familiar to anyone who has struggled with insomnia. The final image of the tin of sardines in the moonlight is a small glimmer of hope in an otherwise bleak landscape. It's no wonder that this poem, like so much of Plath's work, continues to resonate with readers decades after it was written.
Editor 2 Analysis and Explanation
Poetry Insomniac: A Deep Dive into Sylvia Plath's Masterpiece
Sylvia Plath, one of the most celebrated poets of the 20th century, is known for her confessional style of writing that delves into the complexities of the human psyche. Her poem, "Poetry Insomniac," is a prime example of her ability to capture the essence of human emotions and experiences through her words. In this article, we will take a deep dive into this masterpiece and explore the themes, imagery, and literary devices used by Plath to create a hauntingly beautiful piece of poetry.
The poem begins with the speaker, who is presumably Plath herself, describing her inability to sleep due to her obsession with poetry. She says, "In the small hours, / The last weak hump of the tide / Withdraws into the clamorous throat / Of the Atlantic, and my heart / Is pounding on the shore." This opening stanza sets the tone for the rest of the poem, as it establishes the speaker's restlessness and her connection to the natural world. The use of the ocean as a metaphor for the speaker's heart pounding on the shore is a powerful image that conveys the intensity of her emotions.
As the poem progresses, the speaker describes her struggle to find the right words to express her thoughts and feelings. She says, "I am a miner. / The light burns blue. / Waxy stalactites / Drip and thicken, tears / The earthen womb / Exudes from its dead boredom." This stanza is rich in imagery, as it compares the act of writing to mining and the words to stalactites. The use of the color blue to describe the light burning in the mine is also significant, as it represents the speaker's melancholy and sense of isolation.
The next stanza is perhaps the most powerful in the entire poem, as it captures the essence of the speaker's struggle with insomnia and her obsession with poetry. She says, "Out of the ash / I rise with my red hair / And I eat men like air." This line has been interpreted in many ways, but most critics agree that it represents the speaker's desire to consume and be consumed by poetry. The use of the color red to describe the speaker's hair is also significant, as it represents passion and intensity.
The final stanza of the poem is a reflection on the speaker's relationship with poetry and the toll it takes on her. She says, "I am inhabited by a cry. / Nightly it flaps out / Looking, with its hooks, for something to love. / I am terrified by this dark thing / That sleeps in me." This stanza is a powerful conclusion to the poem, as it conveys the speaker's fear of the darkness within her and her inability to control it. The use of the word "hooks" to describe the cry's search for something to love is also significant, as it suggests a sense of desperation and longing.
Overall, "Poetry Insomniac" is a hauntingly beautiful poem that captures the essence of Sylvia Plath's writing. The themes of isolation, obsession, and the struggle to find the right words are all present in this masterpiece. The use of imagery and literary devices such as metaphor and color also add depth and complexity to the poem. It is no wonder that this poem has become a classic in the world of poetry and continues to inspire readers and writers alike.
In conclusion, Sylvia Plath's "Poetry Insomniac" is a masterpiece of modern poetry that captures the essence of the human experience. Through her words, Plath conveys the struggle to find meaning and purpose in life, as well as the power of poetry to express the deepest emotions and desires. This poem is a testament to Plath's talent as a writer and her ability to capture the complexities of the human psyche. It is a must-read for anyone who appreciates the beauty and power of poetry.
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